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Thermoelectric Performance of Sn and Bi Double-Doped Permingeatite
Hee-Jae Ahn, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2022;60(8):593-600.   Published online 2022 Jul 12
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2022.60.8.593

Abstract
In this study, mechanical alloying was performed to synthesize permingeatite Cu3Sb1-x-ySnxBiySe4 (0.02 ≤ x ≤ 0.06 and 0.02 ≤ y ≤ 0.04) doped with Sn and Bi. Hot pressing was subsequently conducted to achieve dense sintered bodies. When the Bi content was constant, the carrier concentration increased with the Sn..... More

                        
Skinnerite Cu<sub>3</sub>SbS<sub>3</sub>: Solid-State Synthesis and Thermoelectric Properties
Go-Eun Lee, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2022;60(6):455-462.   Published online 2022 May 24
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2022.60.6.455

Abstract
Skinnerite Cu3SbS3, which consists of non-toxic and low-cost elements, is a potential thermoelectric material, however, studies on its thermoelectric properties are limited. In this study, the optimal conditions of mechanical alloying (MA) and hot pressing (HP) for the synthesis of the Cu3SbS3 phase were investigated, and its thermoelectric properties were..... More

                        
Preparation and Thermoelectric Properties of Si-Doped Tetrahedrites Cu<sub>12</sub>Sb<sub>4-y</sub>Si<sub>y</sub>S<sub>13</sub>
Min-Cheol Kwon, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2022;60(6):440-447.   Published online 2022 May 24
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2022.60.6.440

Abstract
Si-doped Cu12Sb4-ySiyS13 (y = 0.1-0.4) compounds were prepared using solid-state synthesis. Each specimen consisted of a single tetrahedrite phase with a densely sintered body whose relative density exceeded 98.9%. The lattice constant decreased from 1.0357 nm to 1.0336 nm as the Si content increased. When the Si doping content (y)..... More

                        
Preparation and Investigation of Thermoelectric Properties of Cu<sub>3</sub>SbS<sub>4</sub>-Cu<sub>3</sub>SbSe<sub>4</sub> Solid Solutions
Go-Eun Lee, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2022;60(5):384-390.   Published online 2022 Apr 22
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2022.60.5.384

Abstract
Cu-based ternary chalcogenides composed of earth-abundant and nontoxic elements are considered promising thermoelectric materials, although there are few reports on them. In our previous studies, optimal mechanical alloying (MA) and hot pressing (HP) were used to synthesize Cu3SbS4 (famatinite) and Cu3SbSe4 (permingeatite). In this study, solid solutions of Cu3SbS4-ySey (y..... More

                        
Solid-State Synthesis and Thermoelectric Properties of Ge-Doped Tetrahedrites Cu<sub>12</sub>Sb<sub>4-y</sub>Ge<sub>y</sub>S<sub>13</sub>
Se-In Jeong, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2022;60(5):376-383.   Published online 2022 Apr 22
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2022.60.5.376

Abstract
Ge-doped tetrahedrites Cu12Sb4-yGeyS13 (y = 0.1–0.4) were prepared using mechanical alloying and hot pressing. An X-ray diffraction analysis after mechanical alloying showed a single tetrahedrite phase without secondary phases. The tetrahedrite phase was stable after hot pressing at 723 K under 70 MPa. As the Ge content increased, the lattice..... More

                        
Charge Transport and Thermoelectric Properties of Sn-Doped Tetrahedrites Cu<sub>12</sub>Sb<sub>4-y</sub>Sn<sub>y</sub>S<sub>13</sub>
Hee-Jae Ahn, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2021;59(10):724-731.   Published online 2021 Sep 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2021.59.10.724

Abstract
In this study, tetrahedrite compounds doped with Sn were prepared by mechanical alloying and hot pressing, and their charge transport and thermoelectric properties were analyzed. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that both the synthetic powders and sintered bodies were synthesized as a single tetrahedrite phase without secondary phases. Densely sintered specimens..... More

                           Cited By 2
Improvement in the Hydrogenation and Dehydrogenation Features of Mg by Milling in Hydrogen with Vanadium Chloride
수소 분위기에서 Mg와 VCl3의 밀링에 의한 Mg의 수소 흡수 방출 특성의 향상
Myoung Youp Song, Seong Ho Lee, Young Jun Kwak
송명엽, 이성호, 곽영준
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2021;59(10):709-717.   Published online 2021 Sep 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2021.59.10.709

Abstract
VCl3 (vanadium (III) chloride) was selected as an additive to Mg to increase the hydrogenation and dehydrogenation rates and the hydrogen storage capacity of Mg. Instead of MgH2, Mg was used as a starting material since Mg is cheaper than MgH2. Samples with a composition of 95 wt% Mg +..... More

                           Cited By 2
Electronic Transport and Thermoelectric Properties of Te-Doped Tetrahedrites Cu<sub>12</sub>Sb<sub>4-y</sub>Te<sub>y</sub>S<sub>13</sub>
Sung-Gyu Kwak, Go-Eun Lee, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2021;59(8):560-566.   Published online 2021 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2021.59.8.560

Abstract
Tetrahedrite is a promising thermoelectric material mainly due to its low thermal conductivity, a consequence of its complicated crystal structure. However, tetrahedrite has a high hole concentration; therefore, optimizing carrier concentration through doping is required to maximize the power factor. In this study, Te-doped tetrahedrites Cu12Sb4-yTeyS13 (0.1 ≤ y ≤..... More

                           Cited By 1
Effects of Ge Doping on the Charge Transport and Thermoelectric Properties of Permingeatites Cu<sub>3</sub>Sb<sub>1y</sub>Ge<sub>y</sub>Se<sub>4</sub>
Ji-Hee Pi, Go-Eun Lee,, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2021;59(6):422-429.   Published online 2021 May 26
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2021.59.6.422

Abstract
Permingeatites Cu3Sb1−yGeySe4 (0 ≤ y ≤ 0.14) were synthesized by mechanical alloying and hot pressing. The charge-transport parameters (Hall coefficient, carrier concentration, mobility, and Lorenz number) and thermoelectric properties (electrical conductivity, Seebeck coefficient, power factor, thermal conductivity, and figure of merit) were examined with respect to the Ge doping level...... More

                           Cited By 1
Charge Transport and Thermoelectric Properties of Mn-Doped Tetrahedrites Cu<sub>12-x</sub>Mn<sub>x</sub>Sb<sub>4</sub>S<sub>13</sub>
Sung-Yoon Kim, Go-Eun Lee, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2021;59(5):329-335.   Published online 2021 Apr 6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2021.59.5.329

Abstract
Mn-doped tetrahedrites Cu12-xMnxSb4S13 (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.4) were synthesized by mechanical alloying (MA) and sintered by hot pressing (HP). A single tetrahedrite phase was synthesized by MA without post-annealing, and it was stable without any phase changes after HP. The hot-pressed specimens had a relative density higher than 98.6%...... More

                        
Synthesis of Fe-Doped Tetrahedrites Cu<sub>12-x</sub>Fe<sub>x</sub>Sb<sub>4</sub>S<sub>13</sub> and Characterization of Their Thermoelectric Properties
Sung-Yoon Kim, Ji-Hee Pi, Go-Eun Lee, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(5):340-347.   Published online 2020 Apr 20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.5.340

Abstract
Tetrahedrite (C12Sb4S13) has attracted attention as a p-type thermoeletric material with very low thermal conductivity induced by the anharmonic oscillation of Cu due to the lone-pair electrons of Sb. Many studies have been conducted to improve its thermoelectric performance by partially substituting the transition elements for the Cu sites. In..... More

                           Cited By 7
Solid-State Synthesis and Thermoelectric Properties of Tetrahedrites Cu<sub>12</sub>Sb<sub>4-y</sub>Bi<sub>y</sub>S<sub>13</sub>
Sung-Gyu Kwak, Ji-Hee Pi, Go-Eun Lee, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2020;58(4):272-277.   Published online 2020 Mar 9
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2020.58.4.272

Abstract
Tetrahedrite has low lattice thermal conductivity because of the lone-pair electrons of Sb, which cause the Cu atoms to vibrate at a low frequency and high amplitude. The synthesis of tetrahedrite compounds by conventional melting methods requires a long-time reaction and annealing. However, a homogeneous and solid-state synthesis can be..... More

                           Cited By 15
Electronic Transport and Thermoelectric Properties of Cu<sub>12-x</sub>Zn<sub>x</sub>Sb<sub>4</sub>S<sub>13</sub> Tetrahedrites Prepared by Mechanical Alloying and Hot Pressing
Sung-Gyu Kwak, Go-Eun Lee, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2019;57(5):328-333.   Published online 2019 Apr 10
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2019.57.5.328

Abstract
Tetrahedrite Cu12Sb4S13 has low lattice thermal conductivity because of the lone-pair electrons of Sb, which cause the Cu atoms to vibrate at a low frequency and high amplitude. When the Cu atoms of Cu12Sb4S13 are partially substituted with a transition metal, changes in the Cu vibrations can intensify phonon scattering,..... More

                           Cited By 5
Hydrogenation Properties of MgH<sub>2</sub>CaO Composites Synthesized by Hydrogen-Induced Mechanical Alloying
Min Gyeom Kim, Jeong-Heum Han, Young-Hwan Lee, Jong-Tae Son, Tae Whan Hong
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(11):829-834.   Published online 2018 Nov 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.11.829

Abstract
Although magnesium-based alloys are attractive materials for hydrogen storage applications, their activation properties, hydrogenation/dehydrogenation kinetics, thermodynamic equilibrium parameters, and degradation characteristics must be improved for practical applications. Further, magnesium poses several risks, including explosion hazard, environmental pollution, insufficient formability, and industrial damage. To overcome these problems, CaO-added Mg alloys, also..... More

                        
Charge Transport and Thermoelectric Properties of N-type Bi<sub>2-x</sub>Sb<sub>x</sub>Te<sub>3-y</sub>Se<sub>y</sub>:I<sub>m</sub> Prepared by Encapsulated Melting and Hot Pressing
Woo-Jin Jung, Hyeok-Jin Kim, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(7):544-550.   Published online 2018 Jul 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.7.544

Abstract
Iodine-doped n-type Bi2-xSbxTe3-ySey:Im (x = 0.1–0.2, y = 0.15–0.6, and m = 0.0025–0.005) quaternary solid solutions were prepared by encapsulated melting (EM) and hot pressing (HP). The lattice constants of the resulting materials decreased with increasing Sb and Se contents, whereas the amount of I dopant was too small to..... More

                           Cited By 8
Charge Transport and Thermoelectric Properties of P-type Bi<sub>2-x</sub>Sb<sub>x</sub>Te<sub>3</sub> Prepared by Mechanical Alloying and Hot Pressing
Kyung-Wook Jang, Hyeok-Jin Kim, Woo-Jin Jung, Il-Ho Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2018;56(1):66-71.   Published online 2018 Jan 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2018.56.1.66

Abstract
Bi2-xSbxTe3 (x = 1.4–1.7) solid solutions were synthesized by mechanical alloying (MA) and consolidated by hot pressing (HP), and their charge transport and thermoelectric properties were examined. The relative densities of the hot-pressed specimens were higher than 96% on average. As the Sb content was increased, the lattice constants decreased,..... More

         Cited By 2
Effect of Heat-Treatment on the Elevated Temperature Compression and Compressive Creep Properties of Fe-14Cr Ferritic Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) Steel
Fe-14Cr계 페라이틱 산화물 분산 강화강의 고온 압축 및 크리프 특성에 미치는 열처리의 영향
Young-Kyun Kim, Yeun-Ah Joo, Jong-Kwan Park, Hwi-Jun Kim, Man-Sik Kong, Kee-Ahn Lee
김영균, 주연아, 박종관, 김휘준, 공만식, 이기안
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(12):862-869.   Published online 2017 Dec 4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.12.862

Abstract
This study investigated the microstructure and the ambient-elevated temperature compression and elevated temperature creep properties of Fe-14Cr ferritic ODS steel manufactured by mechanical alloying (high energy ball milling) and hot extrusion processes. Initial microstructural observation of the as-extruded material identified elongated grains in the direction of extrusion; however, some recrystallization..... More

      
Direct Laser Deposition of 14Cr Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steel Powders Using Y<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> and HfO<sub>2</sub> Dispersoids
Barton Mensah Arkhurst, Jin-Ju Park, Chang-Hoon Lee, Jeoung Han Kim
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(8):550-558.   Published online 2017 Aug 1
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.8.550

Abstract
This study investigated the feasibility of using HfO2 as a dispersoid in the additive manufacturing process, compared to Y2O3. The effect of pre-annealing treatment was investigated too. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses revealed unusually coarse deposition layers for both the HfO2 and Y2O3 dispersed oxide dispersion strengthed (ODS) steels, in..... More

         Cited By 4
Phase Transformation Behavior of Oxide Particles Formed in Mechanically Alloyed Fe-5Y<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> Powder
Fe-5Y2O3 조성의 기계적 합금화 분말에 형성된 산화물의 상변태 거동
Ga Eon Kim, Jung-Sun Choi, Sanghoon Noh, Suk Hoon Kang, Byoung Kwon Choi, Young Do Kim, Tae Kyu Kim
김가언, 최정선, 노상훈, 강석훈, 최병권, 김영도, 김태규
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(5):357-362.   Published online 2017 May 9
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.5.357

Abstract
The phase transformation behavior of the oxides formed in mechanically alloyed Fe-5Y2O3 powder is investigated. Non-stoichiometric Y-rich and Fe-rich oxides with sizes of less than 300 nm are observed in the mechanically alloyed powder. The diffusion and redistribution reactions of the elements in these oxides during heating of the powder..... More

      
in situ Fabrication of Fe-TiB<sub>2</sub> Nanocomposite Powder by Planetary Ball Milling and Subsequent Heat-treatment of FeB and TiH<sub>2</sub> Powder Mixture
FeB와 TiH2 혼합분말의 유성볼밀 및 후속열처리에 의한 Fe-TiB2 나노복합분말 in situ 제조
Xuan-Khoa Huynh, Sun-Woo Bae, Ji Soon Kim
Xuan-Khoa Huynh, 배선우, 김지순
Korean J. Met. Mater. 2017;55(1):10-15.   Published online 2017 Jan 5
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3365/KJMM.2017.55.1.10

Abstract
Fe-TiB2 powder was synthesized in-situ by the planetary ball milling and subsequent heat-treatment of an iron boride (FeB) and titanium hydride (TiH2) powder mixture. Mechanical activation of the (FeB+TiH2) powder mixtures was observed after a milling time of 3 hours at 700 rpm of rotation speed, but activation was not..... More

         Cited By 4
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